2016 NZPI Annual Conference Over the Rainbow 12 - 15 April 2016, Dunedin
'Over the Rainbow' seeks to address the opportunities and vision required by planners to take a strategic policy oriented view of environmental sustainability and economic development in NZ. With a focus on the RMA and best practice implementation at a regional level, the exploration of these issues comes at a time when domestic and global opinion is shifting and those planners with an in-depth knowledge of the challenges will be best equipped to meet the economic and sustainability demands of tomorrow.
Kaumātua Planning: The Changing Face of Housing for Māori Author: Victoria Kingi, Managing Director PSL, Papakāinga Solutions Ltd, LLB(Hons) and Hinetākoha Viriaere, Policy Planner, Wairoa District Council, BRP(Hons), MRP (Dist)
Abstract: The Māori housing space is evolving as the need to address housing affordability and poor living conditions particularly for Māori has become a politicised issue in recent years. Furthermore, the trials of building papakāinga on Māori land experienced by tangata whenua groups – land trusts such as Mangatawa (Mangatawa Papamoa Blocks Inc) a significant Māori Land Incorporation and Horaparaikete Trust, and an Ahu Whenua Trust based in the Western Bay of Plenty, have prompted and helped to shape better government, council and agency policy.
Papakāinga have generally been relatively small developments of five to ten dwellings on Māori Land and to date predominantly homes owned by the land trust as affordable rentals. In the past few years there has been growing interest among Māori land administration entities and treaty settlement tribes to develop larger-scale residential developments of mixed use, being market-led and affordable housing as rentals, and home ownership. Ngā Pōtiki (Ngā Pōtiki a Tamapahore Trust) a treaty settlement tribe is a case in point, currently master planning a mixed residential housing model of up to 300 houses on land to be returned under treaty settlement, known as the Te Houhou block. Such aspirations and strategic vision are in response to the growing housing crisis being experienced amongst Māori, where in the Western Bay of Plenty region, Māori can expect to pay nine times their annual salary to afford a modest family home and where the Maori population is expected to triple by 2051.
This story is about how planners and local government through strategic planning and a collaborative approach with key stakeholders can provide for successful papakāinga development including Māori housing at scale on both Māori and Treaty land. While recognising that there are many barriers, the authors suggest that by participating in current planning, legislative and funding opportunities and taking heed of innovative models that encourage collaborative and aligned strategies amongst Māori, local and central government and other agencies, Māori can build larger-scale residential housing developments that are well planned, integrated and provide effective solutions to addressing housing affordability and housing quality issues for Māori and their kaumātua into the future whilst meeting a diverse set of housing needs.